They settled in Egypt during the 18 th century BC and by 1630 BC, Hyksos kings ruled a greater part of Egypt, forming the 15 th Dynasty. ḥk’w-ḫ’swt, i.e., rulers of foreign lands). for the foreign rulers of the 15th and 16th dynasties in Egypt, but wrongly interpreted by him as “shepherd kings,” confusing Shoshu (beduin) with Shosu, the late pronunciation of Khosu (foreign lands). The Hyksos ruled over the northern part of Egypt, and a stele, erected by Kamose, a ruler of the 17 th Dynasty, marks Hermopolis as the southern boundary of the Hyksos rule. Manetho, the Egyptian priest from the third century B.C.E., in his book Aegyptiaca, identifies the Israelites with the Hyksos. when not assimilated to Egyp. Its rulers adopted pharaonic style, including the title “Son of Re”; Hatshepsut’s later remark that they ruled without Re reflects on their legitimacy in her eyes, not any hostility of theirs for Re. Term used by the Egyp. (cf. Josephus himself wished to demonstrate the great antiquity of the Jews and thus identified the Hyksos with the Hebrews of the Bible. Monuments of the latter are very few; only Khayan and Apophis have left statues and building fragments; other princes are known only from scarab amulets. ), II, chs. The Egyptians had treated the Israelites to cruel slavery; now it was their turn to be enslaved. b.c.) Term used by the Egyp. Hyksos was in fact probably an Egyptian term for “rulers of foreign lands” (heqa-khase), and it almost certainly designated the foreign dynasts rather than an ethnic group. Joseph), e.g., the chancellor Hur. ḥk’w-ḫ’swt, i.e., rulers of foreign lands). has a damaged total: “6 [Hyk]sos who reigned 10[8] years.” The final expulsion of the Hyksos perhaps did not precede the eleventh year of Ahmose I (c. 1540 b.c., see [http://biblegateway/wiki/Egypt, Land of EGYPT]), see also Nims, Thebes of the Pharaohs [1965], 199, n. 2, and Apophis was contemporary of Ahmose’s predecessor Kamose. from Egyp. The origins and rise to power of the Hyksos are much discussed. HYKSOS hĭk’ sōs (Gr. The Hyksos are not mentioned explicitly in the Bible, but some reminiscences of them can be detected. administrative machine. The connection made by Josephus and Manetho with the exodus is correct to the extent that the traditions of descent into Egypt and exodus therefrom were at least in part inspired by distant memories of the Hyksos movements (Redford). They formed the 15th Dynasty and probably the 16th. Such a coup would have supplanted in Memphis (and Ithet-Tawy, its administrative suburb) the ruling 13th dynasty for the mastery of Egypt. The Hyksos were an elite class of Semitic rulers who had migrated to Egypt from the region east of the Mediterranean Sea (modern-day Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria). Before the Hyksos takeover, Sem. historian Manetho (3rd cent. Manetho: from Phoenicia), e.g., Khayan, ’Anat-har, etc. Egyptians lived in the land of the gods, and those of lesser quality (regularly referred to as 'Asiatics') were off beyond the borders. At this time, the Bible says, the Hebrews from Canaan were allowed to enter Egypt. Around 1720 B.C., a group of foreigners referred to as Hyksos, invaded the land of the Nile and erected their capital at Avaris (Tell ed-Dab'a) Though they penetrated Egypt at a time of political disintegration that had resulted in a proliferation of local rulers throughout Lower Egypt (the western delta had already seceded to form an independent kingdom), the success of Hyksos imperialism should be attributed … The departing Hyksos (600,000 according to the Bible) took the wealth of Lower Egypt with them. Ed. The Hyksos: a Semitic People. They eventually ruled as pharaohs during the Second Intermediate Period, but they were violently expelled by Pharaoh Ahmose in the middle of the 1500s BC. HYKSOS: "...a Palestinian group... who migrated into Egypt during the late Middle Kingdom (c. 1800-1650 BC) and rose to power in Lower Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period (1650-1550 BC). The Hyksos were Semitic-Asiatic people from West Asia related to Canaanites. Beliefnet is a lifestyle website providing feature editorial content around the topics of inspiration, spirituality, health, wellness, love and family, news and entertainment. Some sources say the Hyksos rose to power in the 18th century BC. The connection made by Josephus and Manetho with the exodus is correct to the extent that the traditions of descent into Egypt and exodus therefrom were at least in part inspired by distant memories of the Hyksos movements (Redford). for the foreign rulers of the 15th and 16th dynasties in Egypt, but wrongly interpreted by him as “shepherd kings,” confusing Shoshu (beduin) with Shosu, the late pronunciation of Khosu (foreign lands). In addition, the Hyksos modeled their society on the pharaohs , or rulers, of the Egyptians. In about the year 1700 BCE, a watershed event occurred in Egyptian history: the invasion of the Hyksos people. It's found in bible dictionary Khyan is one of the better attested kings from the Hyksos period, known from many seals and seal impressions.